Primary laryngeal aspergillosis is an extremely rare opportunistic infection, especially in an immunocompetent host. Here we report a case of a year-old female with a history of oral sex, which may be a suspected predisposing factor in this immunocompetent patient. Primary laryngeal aspergillosis is extremely rare, especially in immunocompetent patients. Up to now, we have known little about the developmental pathogenesis of this rare infection. The patient in our case was diagnosed with primary laryngeal aspergillosis. It suggests that the occurrence of the disease may have some correlation with oral sex.
Primary laryngeal aspergillosis related to oral sex? A case report and review of the literature
Precancerous conditions of the mouth - Canadian Cancer Society
US Pharm. Oral lesions afflict children and adults, and the pharmacist may be the first point of contact regarding treatment. The prevalence of many oral lesions depends significantly on individual characteristics. Thus, prevalence rates should be based on studies of general populations and be stratified by risk factors for the specific lesion. Oral lesions may present as a multitude of different diagnoses, ranging from benign to malignant. A white plaque-like lesion found in an area of irritation may be an aspirin burn due to "sucking" on an aspirin tablet or may be irritational keratosis due to constant irritation from a dental appliance e. Although these lesions do not rub off, they are not considered malignant.
Oral White Lesions: An Updated Clinical Diagnostic Decision Tree
Erythroplakia is a clinical term to describe any erythematous red area on a mucous membrane ,  that cannot be attributed to any other pathology. The term erythroplasia was coined by Louis Queyrat to describe a precancerous red lesion of the penis. Depending upon the context, this term may refer specifically to carcinoma in situ of the glans penis or vulva appearing as a red patch, or may be used as a synonym of erythroplasia on other mucous membrane or transitional sites.
Diagnosis of oral white lesions might be quite challenging. This review article aimed to introduce a decision tree for oral white lesions according to their clinical features. Related English-language articles published since to , including reviews, meta-analyses, and original papers randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials; prospective or retrospective cohort studies , case reports, and case series about oral diseases were appraised. Upon compilation of data, oral white lesions were categorized into two major groups according to their nature of development: Congenital or acquired lesions and four subgroups: Lesions which can be scraped off or not and lesions with the special pattern or not.