System of bondage

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By Roli Srivastava. MUMBAI Thomson Reuters Foundation - Three years after India said it would increase state compensation for slavery survivors, not one has received the full amount, new data show, as campaigners warn that thousands are being forced back into debt bondage. In , the Indian government set a target of rescuing 18 million workers from bondage by and increased the amount of compensation survivors would get by more than 10 times to help them avoid falling back into debt. Three years on, thousands are estimated to have been rescued. India outlawed bonded labor four decades ago, but unscrupulous employers still dupe people from marginalized communities into working without pay in fields, brick kilns, rice mills, brothels or as domestic workers to pay off debts.
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Bonded Labor

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What is bonded labour? - Anti-Slavery International

In this paper, we deal with one form of bonded labour generating under the brokerage system. We have led a qualitative survey in a small village of South India to study the phenomenon of brokerage. In this village, labourers are seasonal migrants who in order to migrate, take advance from brokers. The village is characterised by a high number of brokers who are in competition to attract labourers to their team. In this environment, labourers have the bargaining power to demand high amount of advance. Therefore, brokers bond them in order to reduce their bargaining power and to avoid competition.
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Exclusive: India's slavery survivors forced back into bondage as compensation delayed

They locked them up and started beating them. Puspal, above with her family, is one of millions of victims of bonded labour across the world. Also known as debt bondage or debt slavery, it is the most common form of modern slavery. Debt bondage occurs when a person is forced to work to pay off a debt. They are tricked into working for little or no pay, with no control over their debt.
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Debt slavery , also called debt servitude, debt bondage , or debt peonage , a state of indebtedness to landowners or merchant employers that limits the autonomy of producers and provides the owners of capital with cheap labour. Examples of debt slavery, indentured servitude , peonage , and other forms of forced labour exist around the world and throughout history, but the boundaries between them can be difficult to define see slavery. It is instructive to consider one prevalent system of debt slavery as a means of identifying the characteristics typical of the condition. This article therefore describes the system that existed among sharecroppers and landowners in the American South from the s until World War II. After the end of the American Civil War and the abolition of slavery , many African Americans and some whites in the rural South made a living by renting small plots of land from large landowners who were usually white and pledging a percentage of their crops to the landowners at harvest—a system known as sharecropping.

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