Are you experiencing swelling in your anus? A swollen anus may actually be due to a swollen rectum, since the two parts of the body are so closely related. Anal and rectal swelling range in severity, from common conditions that you can treat at home, such as hemorrhoids, to conditions that require a doctor's care, such as cellulitis. Read more below to learn what may be causing swelling around your anus and rectum, and possible treatments. The rectum and the anus are often-overlooked body parts until there is an issue, of course. Rectal symptoms, such as swelling, can signal a serious underlying disease.
What Causes Anal Swelling and How Can I Treat It?
Swollen Anus: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum the last section of the large intestine falls from its normal position within the pelvic area and sticks out through the anus. The word "prolapse" means a falling down or slipping of a body part from its usual position. Rectal prolapse is common in older adults who have a long-term history of constipation or a weakness in the pelvic floor muscles. It is more common in women than in men, and even more common in women over the age of 50 postmenopausal women , but occurs in younger people too.
Signs and Symptoms of Anal Cancer
The anus is that part of the intestinal tract that passes through the muscular canal of the pelvis and anal sphincters. It is the final orifice through which stool passes out of the body. In adults, the anus is 4 to 5 centimeters long. The lower half of the anal canal has sensitive nerve endings. There are blood vessels under the lining, and in its mid portion there are numerous tiny, anal glands.
The anus is the opening at the end of your anal canal. The rectum sits between your colon and anus and acts as a holding chamber for stool. When pressure in your rectum becomes too great, the internal ring of muscle called the anal sphincter relaxes to allow stool to pass through your anal canal, the anus, and out of your body.